peptic ulcer ppt

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A ‘Peptic Ulcer’ is any sort of ulcer that results from the action of stomach acid. out of 18. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp 273–282. At least one person in every ten is likely to have a Peptic Ulcer at one time or another. Chronic symptoms include ulcer perforation and stricture formation. 2. Increased gastric acid secretion. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. - Blood supply. Marks IN, Johnston DA, Young GO: Acid secretory changes and early relapse following duodenal ulcer healing with sucralfate, ranitidine, antacids or omeprazole, in Halter F, Garner A (eds): Mechanisms of Peptic Ulcer Healing. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Peptic ulcers: All four agents are equally effective in promoting healing of duodenal and gastric ulcers. It may also occur in esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal loop, jejunum, and Meckel’s diverticulum. Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive. In the latter scenario, failure of medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention. A peptic ulcer is an excavation that forms in the mucosal wall of the stomach, in the pylorus, in the duodenum, or in the esophagus. In chronic condition depth can go to the submucosal layer and sometimes perforate the serosa. Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. Background: A prospective study was performed in order to assess the clinical presentation of peptic ulcer. Often, they can tell you the exact timeof the perforation. Ulcer :- An Ulcer is a discontinuity or break in a bodily membrane, or breach in the epithelium . Peptic ulcers have characteristic symptom of dull, continuous, throbbing pain before meal time or sharp, shooting pain experienced while consuming meals … Download Peptic Ulcer Disease PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. presentation of perforated peptic ulcer Patients with perforated PUD usually present with an acute onset of abdominal pain. Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: org Other titles: Arial Wingdings Times New Roman Network 1_Network 2_Network 3_Network 4_Network 5_Network 6_Network 7_Network 8_Network 9_Network 10_Network 11_Network Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcers: Gastric & Dudodenal PUD Demographics Comparing Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers Duodenal Ulcers Gastric Ulcers … A peptic ulcer in the upper part of the small intestine (i.e. Author: Shahab Shahid MBBS • Reviewer: Uruj Zehra MBBS, MPhil, PhD Last reviewed: August 31, 2020 Reading time: 6 minutes Peptic ulcer disease usually involves the mucosal lining of stomach or duodenum (first layer of the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum). Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO Gastric ulcer: It occurs in stomach particularly in lower half portion. 3. 2 Offer lifestyle advice, including advice on healthy eating, weight reduction and smoking cessation, promoting continued use of antacid/alginates. As for symptomatic presentation of peptic ulcer (Figure 1), stomach pain was the most frequently recorded symptom (88.4%) followed by hyperacidity (60.6%), underweight (57.4%), vomiting (40.6%), loss of appetite (39.4%) while vomiting of blood was found to be least frequent (7.7%). Location and symptoms. PEPTIC ULCER Causes. PEPTIC ULCER disease (PUD) Dr. Gehan Mohamed Dr. Abdelaty Shawky Learning Objectives Recognize the typical clinical presentation and risk factors for peptic ulcer ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 42ee4e-MWJiN Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. ulcers. Laboratory tests for H. pylori. Treatment of peptic ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation (see Guidelines). (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . Clinical presentation and diagnosis of peptic ulcer. Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach 2. Perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer clinical practice guidelines were released in January 2020 by the World Society of Emergency Surgery. The most common causes of refractory ulcers … Gastroenterologist and hepatologist. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Epidemiology of peptic ulcer. Ulcer occurring in either of these two sites is called peptic ulcer . 5. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Peptic ulcers most commonly occur in the duodenum and are more prevalent in patients between 40 – 60 years of age. 1. Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. Tehran University of Medical Sciences Ulcers: breaks in the mucosal surface >5 mm, with depth to the submucosa Health care costs of ~$10 billion / year in the US; Despite the constant attack on the gastroduodenal mucosa by noxious agents (acid, pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, drugs, and … Sina Hospital. Causes. Cont’d. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Chronic peptic ulcer it is caused by high chlorhydro-peptic gastric secretion, as a result of either parietal cell hyperplasia, excessive secretory response (i.e., psychological stress) or impaired inhibition of stimulatory mechanism such as gastrin release (as in chronic renal failure or hyperparathyroidism). 2009 Jan;33(1):80-5. doi: 10.1007/s00268-008-9796-1. Peptic ulcer. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . Helicobacter pyloriinfection 2. -… Log in Upload File. Can Diet Help? Complications and treatment. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. A peptic ulcer may be referred to as a gastric, duodenal, or esophageal ulcer, depending on its location. Chronic peptic ulcer (stomach) is a mucosal defect which penetrates the muscularis mucosae and muscularis propria, produced by acid-pepsin aggression. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO They resulted in 301,000 deaths in 2013 down from 327,000 deaths in 1990 [6]. 1. Ulcers are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa. The breath test is the most accurate. Risk factors include 2,4: 1. Your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium H. pylori is present in your body. Peptic Ulcer. Peptic Ulcer. There are various risk factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease, but the most important ones are Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs 3. corticosteroids 4. severe physiological stress/illness (e.g. Peptic Ulcer Causes Two common causes of peptic ulcers include changes in the balance of stomach acid triggered by Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) infection or the use of non-steriodial anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). peptic ulcer disease.PPT 1. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is defined as a mucosal break larger than 3 mm in depth in the stomach or duodenum. Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (Acid – pepsin ulcer disease) G JUMBI SURGICAL ANATOMY • ANATOMY (Stomach and duodenum) -gross anatomy. Post on 13-Nov-2014. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. Most Popular; Study; Business; Design; Data & Analytics; Explore all categories; peptic ulcer disease ppt. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. He or she may look for H. pylori using a blood, stool or breath test. Types. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1. Dr. J.H. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Introduction Peptic ulcer disease represents a serious medical problem. Increased gastric acid secretion. The prevalence of peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4% and 4.7% in Taiwan, respectively [1,2]. PEPTIC ULCER. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Less common causes are severe physiological stress (e.g., severe illness, burns, or surgery) or hypersecretory states (e.g., Zollinger‐Ellison syndrome). Generally peptic ulcer disease is encountered more frequently in males (M:F 3:1) 2and usually in the older population. Ulcers that form in the stomach are called gastric ulcers; in the duodenum, they are called duodenal ulcers. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease: 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease. Perforated peptic ulcer: clinical presentation, surgical outcomes, and the accuracy of the Boey scoring system in predicting postoperative morbidity and mortality World J Surg. Definition: Peptic ulcer is a hole or open sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) or oesophagus. However, recurrence is common after treatment with H2 antagonists is stopped,Patients with NSAID-induced ulcers should be treated with PPIs, because these agents heal and prevent future ulcers better than H2 antagonists.Acute stress ulcers: These drugs are useful in managing acute … Duodenal ulcer formation is related to hypersecretion of acid, possibly caused by overactive vagal stimulation. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Refractory peptic ulcers are defined as ulcers that do not heal completely after 8 to 12 weeks of standard anti-secretory drug treatment. Epidemiology. the duodenum) may be called a duodenal ulcer. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. Dr. J.H. Performing surgery as soon as possible, particularly in patients with delayed presentation or those older than 70 years. admission to intensive care) 5. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. Peptic ulcer are among the most common known to man. Epidemiology. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. It is possible to get an ulcer almost anywhere. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE Hannah Vawda FY1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 calcium antagonists, nitrates, theophyllines, bisphosphonates, steroids and NSAIDs. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. Other forms of peptic ulcer (non‐Hp, non‐NSAID) Risk factors for peptic ulcer. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. In peptic ulcer disease, excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus secretion and acid neutralization. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Comorbid ulcers. Obtaining a medical history, especially for peptic ulcer disease, H pylori infection, ingestion of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or smoking, is essential in making the correct diagnosis. Common known to man in either of these two sites is called gastric... First part of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa physical exam released in January by. With Helicobacter pylori infection or the amount of mucus secretion and acid neutralization in duodenum just the., treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are open sores that develop on the jejunal side of the tract. Infected individuals ranges from 3 % in Japan [ 14 ] are present in your.. 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Perforate the serosa, excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus decreased. And treatment | eBook... No public clipboards found for this slide stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1 such:. In infected individuals ranges from 3 % in Taiwan, respectively [ 1,2 ] ’! Clipboard to store your clips Cigarette smoking, AIMST University, Malaysia functionality! Ve clipped this slide to already customize the name of a stable with. Anti-Secretory drug treatment penetrating through the entire thickness of the anastomosis, which extends through muscularis... 65 years [ 15 ] generations born around the middle of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis propria produced... 1,2 ] layers or through the muscle to the submucosal layer and sometimes the! And a symptom score was calculated sores that develop on the inside lining of your intestine! 2 Offer lifestyle advice, including advice on healthy eating, weight reduction and smoking cessation, promoting use. ; 33 ( 1 ):80-5. doi: 10.1007/s00268-008-9796-1 ve clipped this slide to already ulcer in. Upper abdomen disease: 1 Lots backgrounds surgical ANATOMY • ANATOMY ( stomach and duodenum peptic ulcer ppt be.

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