solanum species australia

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The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. SYMON, D.E. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. The flowers are followed by greenish berries. Solanum aviculare has the common names of kangaroo apple or poroporo. Many have prickles. Contents. Prostrate or sprawling. Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Bean, A.R. all genera and species. group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. 2012 onwards. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. ... Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. Cite this publication as: ‘Bean, A.R. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. SYMON, D.E. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. The Solanum is variable in its features. The branches are low, hairy … Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. The fruit has a strong, pungent taste and is now a popular ‘bush tucker’ addition to chutneys, stews, salads, sauces, etc. Introduction. Bean. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. South Australia 5000, AUSTRALIA Abstract.-Field and laboratory studies of19 diclinous species endemic to Australia help to clarify the nature and evolution ofandromonoecy, androdioecy, and dioecy in the genus Solanum. Solanum is the type genus of the family Solanaceae, which contains such well-known economic plants as the potato, tomato, tobacco, egg plant (aubergine) and many more. S. asymmetriphyllum. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. Another 175 to 200 species… These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. Prostrate or sprawling. It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. The branches are low, hairy … blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. It is native to the more arid parts of Australia and has been a food source for aboriginals of those areas for centuries. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Herbaceous resprouter. It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Solanum clarkiae. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. There are keys for the identification of . Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. The species of the . Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. Related Searches. … This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. It is a fast-growing, small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. 983 results for SPECIES: Solanum aviculare ... Solanum aviculare Catalogue number:MEL 2461771A State: Victoria Locality: Colac-Otway (S) Collector: Mayfield, E.V. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. Bean. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Kangaroo Apple. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. Related Searches. It produces racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres. (1995). Hebert Y, 1985. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species [], the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory [].Symon [], focusing only on the ca. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. Solanum ditrichum. The family Solanaceae in Australia . Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. Nuytsia 13(3): … Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . Research Bulletin No. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. Branchlets brown or green. (2001). Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. 0.1–0.6 m high. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … The 66 naturalised members include nightshade, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape Gooseberry. Habit. 7. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. Fl. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia - contents. It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. References are Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate … After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. Quite . Symon (1980) included a set of 18 native Australian “spiny solanums” of Solanum The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. and . Flora of the Solomon Islands. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. Branchlets. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Introduction. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Henderson, R.J.F. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Bean. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Version: 6th September 2018. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. Contents Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Introduction and contact information. S. dioicum. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. (2018). The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. Solanum laciniatum Aiton. A.R. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Dodo Creek Research Station. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum Solanum ditrichum. A.R. dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. Several native species are listed in Wild Food Plants of Australia (though not all of them as edible): Solanum aviculare (Rainforest Kangaroo Apple), Solanum centrale (Desert Raisin), Solanum chippendalei (Bush Tomato), Solanum diversiflorum (Kakarrta), Solanum ellipticum, Solanum esuriale, Solanum laciniatum (Southern Kangaroo Apple), Solanum linearifolium (Mountain Kangaroo Apple), Solanum mauritianum (Wild Tobacco, Tobacco Bush… Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. Symon and others as Solanumdioicum‘Tanami.’ Habit. Fl. In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia A.R. The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. Ten species are andromonoecious; typically these species bear inflorescences with a single, large basal The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. contains 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia.

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