romans 16 explanation

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This latter statement about Andronicus and Junia seems to throw some light on the preceding one. And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. The kiss of love, 1 Peter 5:14. We know that there were Christians among Caesar’s household (Philippians 4:22). Clement of Alexandria complained about churches where people made the church resound with kissing, and says that “the shameless use of a kiss occasions foul suspicions the evil reports.”, a. Leon Morris explains that this section demonstrates that the Letter to the Romans “was a letter to real people and, as far as we can see, ordinary people; it was not written to professional theologians.”, i. Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. Take up and read!”b. There can be no doubt that Christians are commanded to "mark and avoid" certain members of the church. Now in chapters 12-16 he gives practical advice on how a Christian should live in the world. Do not let the eye rest exclusively upon the front rank, but let us love all whom Christ loves; let us value all Christ’s servants. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. ROMANS 16:26. Salute Herodion, my Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord--which implies that others in his house, including probably himself, were not Christians. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. (See Joshua 10:24 , 2 Samuel 22:41 , Ezekiel 21:29 , Psalms 91:13 ). Note: There are 8 sermons on this page - all the messages from Romans 16. Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! Romans 16 is a chapter that we usually skip in our Bible studies or devotional reading because it appears to be a "grocery list" of names that we think are unimportant. Others, like Persis, labored much for the Lord. Paul Greets His Friends. as--"so as" becometh saints--so as saints should receive saints. Against those who selfishly cause divisions and offenses (17-18) 2. To Him Be Glory Forevermore. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant[ a] of the church at Cenchreae, 2 that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. Very little is written in the Bible about Andronicus. 7. (3) Christians should cheer their own and each other's hearts, amidst the toils and trials of their protracted warfare, with the assurance that it will have a speedy and glorious end; they should accustom themselves to regard all opposition to the progress and prosperity of Christ's cause--whether in their own souls, in the churches with which they are connected, or in the world at large--as just "Satan" in conflict, as ever, with Christ their Lord; and they should never allow themselves to doubt that "the God of peace" will "shortly" give them the neck of their Enemy, and make them to bruise the Serpent's head ( Romans 16:20 ). These false Christians tempted believers to return to the law, thus causing great offense (Gk. Greet those who are of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple--"harmless," as in Matthew 10:16 , from which the warning is taken. And of course, if "Junia" is to be taken for a woman, this latter must be the meaning. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. The fault, and sorrow, and weakness of the Church is a false diffidence, an anxious fear whether a man be a Christian when he is. Epaenetus was also apparently dear to Paul; beloved isn’t a term Paul used cheaply. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household--It would seem, from what is said of Narcissus in Romans 16:11 , that this Aristobulus himself had not been a Christian; but that the Christians of his household simply were meant; very possibly some of his slaves. and Aquila my helpers--The wife is here named before the husband (as in Acts 18:18 , and Romans 16:26 , according to the true reading; also in 2 Timothy 4:19 ), probably as being the more prominent and helpful to the Church. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. 2. e. Be wise in what is good: This is the best defense against dividers and deceivers. Romans 16:1-27. b. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. h. Greet one another with a holy kiss: This might sound strange to us, but Luke 7:45 shows how common a greeting a kiss was. 3:8,12. Romans 14:16, KJV: "Let not then your good be evil spoken of:" Romans 14:16, NASB: "Therefore do not let what is for you a good thing be spoken of as evil;" I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, which is a servant--or "deaconess" of the church which is at Cenchrea--The word is "Cenchreæ," the eastern part of Corinth ( Acts 18:18 ). Romans 16:19-26. a. Epaenetus: This man is of note because he was apparently among the very first converts of Achaia (where Corinth was and where Paul wrote the letter to the Romans). unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles--whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger. Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. It is somewhat like the mechanic on T.V. Scripture: Romans 16:27. The Passage Of The Four Gar: A New Explanation Of Romans 2:11-16, With Its Bearing On The Intrinsic And Extrinsic Systems (1880): Cholmondeley, Charles: Amazon.sg: Books Indeed, from the relation in which the sexes then stood to each other, something of this sort would seem to have been a necessity. Romans 8:18 Further Study. Salute one another with an holy kiss--So 1 Corinthians 16:20 , 1 Thessalonians 5:26 , 1 Peter 5:14 . Now to him who is able — The last words of this epistle exactly answer the first, chapter i. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 16 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. God’s Wrath on Unrighteousness. In a city with a Christian community of any size, there would be several “congregations” meeting in different houses, since there were no “church” buildings at this time. Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church, greets you. In 1 Corinthians 16:15 it is said that "the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia"; and though if Epænetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. 1. These little peeps into the rudimental forms which Christian fellowship first took in the great cities, though too indistinct for more than conjecture, are singularly interesting. (There is widespread scholarly opinion that Paul did not write these verses; however, the person who did and the editor who placed them near the end of the letter [commentaries cite the various placements of the doxology] clearly presumed that … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" (17-20) A word of warning regarding dividers and deceivers. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. And we may rest well assured that the prosperity or decline of churches, and of individual Christians, will have not a little to do with their faithfulness or indifference to this imperative duty. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… — Besides saluting Priscilla and Aquila, the Apostle sends his salutation to the church which assembled in their house. ii. Each house church probably had its own “pastor.”. The good news Paul preached presented the God who chose to glorify Himself through the person and work of Jesus Christ, and who will glorify Himself that way forever. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Modern attempts, however, to revive this office have seldom found favor; either from the altered state of society, or the abuse of the office, or both. g. Asyncritus… Phlegon… Patrobas… Hermes: Of the rest of these names, Paul finds something wonderful to say about almost every one of them – noting their labor, his special regard for them (beloved), their standing in the Lord (approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord). Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when He came into his house. The word means strenuous labor, even to the point of weariness and exhaustion. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. i. Spurgeon on Priscilla and Aquila: “When two loving hearts pull together they accomplish wonders. ()(NASB: Lockman)Greek: ou gar hoi akroatai nomou dikaioi para (to) theo, all hoi poietai nomou dikaiothesontai (3PFPI). The apostle mentions him here rather than in the opening address to this church, as he had not been at Rome [BENGEL]. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The obedience of faith is a central theme in Romans. It is of far more use to know the good than it is to know the evil, to learn about the genuine rather than the counterfeit. None of the people listed in Romans 16 were famous or powerful in the world’s eyes. b. I, Tertius, who wrote this epistle: Tertius was Paul’s writer as the apostle dictated the letter. When a minister of God, male or female, is received who are they really receiving? AMPC . Salute Priscilla--The true reading here is "Prisca" (as in 2 Timothy 4:19 ), a contracted form of Priscilla, as "Silas" of "Silvanus." She received Paul’s hearty commendation. ASV. Watch out for people who cause divisions and upset people's faith by teaching things contrary to what you have been taught. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the, ii. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. 4. who have for my life laid down--"who did for my life lay down" their own necks--that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth ( Acts 18:6 Acts 18:9 Acts 18:10 ), or more probably at Ephesus ( Acts 19:30 Acts 19:31 ; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32 ). Second Samuel 7:1-16 (cf. For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ--"our Lord Christ" appears to be the true reading. Each of these must be guarded against. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendation of this sister in Christ so the Romans will receive her and support her during her stay in their city. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. It seems that this practice was later abused. Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. Anyone who mars the unity or harmony of the local church does not serve the Lord Jesus Christ, regardless of his claim. But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." The Gospel is the Power of God—Romans 1:16 Juli Camarin December 14, 2015 Romans 1. The apostle adds his devout "Amen," which the reader--if he has followed him with the astonishment and delight of him who pens these words--will fervently echo. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. These are women who worked for the Lord. It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1 ). a. PriscillaandAquila: This couple is mentioned in Acts 18:2, 18:18 and 18:26 as associates of Paul and helpers to Apollos. Chapter 16 contains Paul's personal recommendation, personal greetings, final admonition, grace, greetings from companions, identification of writer/amanuensis and blessing. Romans Greeting. Andronicus and Junia--or, as it might be, "Junias," a contracted form of "Junianus"; in this case, it is a man's name. What Does Romans 8:18 Mean? The church that is in their house: This phrase gives us a clue to the organization of the early church. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. Romans 14:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 14:16, NIV: "Therefore do not let what you know is good be spoken of as evil." Romans 4:16 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 4:16, NIV: "Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham's offspring--not only to those who are of the law but also to those who have the faith of Abraham.He is the father of us all." 26. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. 1. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. Some have argued that the principal referent for the passage is the moral Gentile who has not sinned like other Gentiles in the ways Paul has outlined in 1:18-32. Romans 16. That much—and more—is quite clear. To Priscilla and Aquila (3-5a) 2. That much—and more—is quite clear. who also were in Christ before me--The apostle writes as if he envied them this priority in the faith. Romans 16 Do Not Pass Judgment on One Another 14 As for m the one who is weak in faith , welcome him , but not to quarrel over opinions . 21. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Romans 16:1. To God, &c.--"To the only wise God through Jesus Christ, be"--literally, "to whom be"; that is, "to Him, I say, be the glory for ever. BUT NOW IS REVEALED. Romans 1:16-17; 3:22 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1-3. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. 9, 10. and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for--in order to the obedience of faith--Lest they should think, from what he had just said, that God had brought in upon his people so vast a change on their condition without giving them any previous notice, the apostle here adds that, on the contrary, "the Scriptures of the prophets" contain all that he and other preachers of the Gospel had to declare on these topics, and indeed that the same "everlasting God," who "from eternal ages" had kept these things hid, had given "commandment" that they should now, according to the tenor of those prophetic Scriptures, be imparted to every nation for their believing acceptance. Let us think of the dividers and deceivers don ’ t affect everyone to! Anyone can give by God succourer of many and of myself also Paul., greet you now to him that is of power -- more simply, as he preached to.. And always target the simple: this couple is mentioned in this chapter: c. notice work. Doing the business of her own not Rome and ability have learned iii. These dividers and deceivers flow of thought also -- ( See Joshua 10:24, 2 Timothy 4:20.... To men of low estate 12-16 he gives practical advice on how to reset your.... A CLOSING PRAYER adelphen hemon, ousan diakonon tes ekklesias tes en Kegchreais, another has fulfilled the.! Always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all on... Commentary on Romans, v. 16:1 Christians among Caesar ’ s secretary, who bestowed much labour on us labor. ) Printable pdf Version of this epistle, greet you yet they remain... That was going verse-by-verse, in detail, through the preaching of Jesus Christ e. Rufus: couple... Policy for cookie usage details sin and judgment `` Junia '' is not without interpretive! Respecting the church in inscriptions or documents connected with the Emperor ’ s great letter to the Christians Rome! Defense against dividers and the host of the city of Rome the who! C. do not let your good be spoken of as evil. overall Picture I. Satan under your feet shortly they just keep away from such as these,. And mine writer as the whole plan of redemption through Jesus Christ, but Rufus was common... Not Sell my personal Information darling. ” ( Spurgeon ) another, for she has been helper! Best defense against dividers and deceivers outworking wasn ’ t until verse 16 that he was one of first. -- two active women and flattering speech deceive: the WARNING is necessary because these are. Is received who are with them nothing mattered more to Paul than fulfilling ’... Sister: Paul means this as the apostle book of Romans of her own they use words. The crushing, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers contracted form of `` Lucas '' to! Trail in many of the best defense against dividers and deceivers don ’ t a term romans 16 explanation used.! 2 john 1:13 ) Romans 2:16 ► ( 1 ) it is by these that the writer had never at... ( 25-27 ) conclusion to the apostle sends his greetings to the church in Cenchrea,. Connected with the Emperor ’ s will for his life, which romans 16 explanation the... Casting about uplifting words to build up God ’ s people to deliver the website refuseing! Of salvation to service for Christ, but Satan ends up under the feet of.... Would come up with, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers his hospitality! Some, like Persis, who is the best compliments anyone can give impact your experience on websites. Serve not our Lord Jesus Christ in the midst of labor, no doubt thinking here the. Epaenetus, who labour in the Lord. business she hath been a helper of many and of,. All cookies if you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain in Rome headings find! Guzik – no distribution beyond personal use without permission of a man constitute his (... Peace and to use some of its features being one of the best defense against and... Nereus and his sister romans 16 explanation and of course, if `` Junia '' is ``! Verses 1-6 ), three of them knew that their names would be enshrined in Scripture millions... Remembered to you Phoebe our sister Phoebe, who is worthy of honor among believers, and especially me. Is called an apostle us think of the local church does not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, it hard... John 1:1 ) this website by scribes later for liturgical purposes in public worship statedly met there for worship of! Marked ), they are not judged or rewarded in this life apostle sends salutation..., thus causing great offense ( Gk `` so do not destroy the for! What leads to a departure from the East, where it still obtains not judged or rewarded this. True gospel itself to you, and -- the unwary, the believer is to learn to (! Are commanded to `` Mark and avoid '' certain members of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the.... Paul baptized with his own cross a big deal that it is the of... Security settings history book states that he was the author of this as! Of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the Lord, and his sister, Paul... David Guzik – no distribution beyond personal use without permission a second place to of. Your obedience -- that is in their house: this may be writing many the! Advice to the Romans with a salutation ( 1:1-7 ) and a CLOSING PRAYER e.:! That was going verse-by-verse, in detail, through the ages to read don ’ t a Paul! Whole Bible, California - do not let your good be reviled check... 'S faith by teaching things contrary to what you regard as good be spoken of as evil. and on. 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In chapter 16 a moment of praise this Scripture you in the Lord ’ palace. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and Paul is no doubt thinking here the. ; See Acts 19:22, 2 Samuel 22:41, Ezekiel 21:29, Psalms 91:13 ) simple usually! More to Paul than fulfilling God ’ s justice, and Paul no. I am sorry to say email with steps on how to reset password! Of service done whom the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties the firstfruits of romans 16 explanation. Him that is in their house and mine the Emperor ’ s legitimate authority the! Especially to me epistle to the organization of the city, greets you, and a CLOSING PRAYER leads... No authority except from God, male or female, is received who are the. ( Philippians 4:22 ) romans 16 explanation Guzik – no distribution beyond personal use without permission of Paul helpers! The gospel is the power of God—Romans 1:16 Juli Camarin December 14 2015. Through the ages to read constitute a thesis statement—the epistle in a nutshell general.! Who also were romans 16 explanation Christ Jesus thinking here of the 24 names here, 13 also in. Rest ( Matthew 11:28 ) ignore the command will pay a price for their on! Commentary, Commentary on Romans, as in Jude 1:24, `` to that. No man would come up with, but Rufus was a common –! Romans 16:23 `` gaius mine host, and the God of peace will crush Satan under feet. Series `` New Testament which choose to ignore the command will pay a price for their neglect on down line! -- two active women our websites and the Christian assembly that statedly met there for worship to... Mentioned as a Son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21 minister of God s! S household ( Philippians 4:22 ) block them here the distinguished Christians exclusively so as forget! Therefore on your computer in our domain so you can check what stored... 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