World Bank. Fukushima Booklet Committee. On March 11th, 2011, the Pacific coast of Japan was hit by a tsunami generated by the largest earthquake (M9.0) in the history of the country and causing a wide range of devastating damage. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced the strongest earthquake in its recorded history. The island of Honshu was rocked by at least 50 aftershocks of magnitude 6.0 or more, three were over 7.0 in strength. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. It was the fifth most powerful earthquake ever recorded, and within 30 minutes, a 133-foot high tsunami pummeled Japan's northeastern shoreline. This was the first time any emperor used television in this way. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake struck offshore of Japan, along a subduction zone where two of Earth's tectonic plates collide. "Japan Crisis: Experts Weigh Economic Impact." Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health. A whirlpool is seen near Oarai City, Ibaraki Prefecture, northeastern Japan, on March 11, 2011 A ship tossed ashore by a tsunami following an earthquake is seen in Aomori Prefecture, Japan . Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. "Fukushima Daiichi Decommissioning Project." A tsunami reaches Miyako City, overtopping seawalls and flooding streets in Iwate Prefecture, Japan, after the magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck the area March 11, 2011. Report of the Chernobyl Forum Expert Group ‘Environment,'" Page 2. , From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, List of foreshocks and aftershocks of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, "Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures... 8 March 2019", "Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures... 8 June 2018", https://www.thebalance.com/japan-s-2011-earthquake-tsunami-and-nuclear-disaster-3305662, "Japan Tsunami Strikes Indonesia, One Confirmed Dead", "Body found in Oregon identified as missing tsunami victim", Tsunami victim remains wash ashore near Fort Stevens, "Body of Calif. man killed by tsunami washes up", "Magnitude 8.9 - NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN 2011 March 11 05:46:23 UTC", "Tsunami hits north-eastern Japan after massive quake", "Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures associated with 2011 Tohoku district – off the Pacific Ocean – Earthquake: February 10, 2015", "Japan issues top tsunami warning after major quake", "BBC News - Tsunami hits north-eastern Japan after massive quake", "Radiation Levels Surge Outside Two Nuclear Plants in Japan - FoxNews.com", "BBC News - Japan quake: Huge explosion at Fukushima nuclear plant", "Quake causes many injuries in Japan, tsunami", "BBC News - Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east", "Tsunami Center Widens Warning to Include Hawaii", "US man killed by tsunami waves - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "Japan's unfolding disaster 'bigger than Chernobyl, "Explainer: What Went Wrong in Japan's Nuclear Reactors", "Analysis: A month on, Japan nuclear crisis still scarring,", "People near Japan nuke plant told to leave – Yahoo!7", "Quake Moves Japan Closer to U.S. and Alters Earth's Spin", "Japan quake fault may have moved 40 metres", "Japan's quake shifts earth's axis by 25 centimetres", "Earth's day length shortened by Japan earthquake", "Can an earthquake shift the Earth's axis? The March, 2011 earthquake and tsunami that affected the Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima prefectures led to a nuclear power plant accident at the Fukushima Daiichi facility. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. "Learning From Megadisasters: Lessons From the Great East Japan Earthquake," Page 2. Impacts on people. The history of Japan encompasses the history of the islands of Japanese people, spanning the ancient history of the region to the modern history of Japan as a nation of state. The event is now known by many names: 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami; Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami; Japan Sendai Quake and Tsunami; 3/11; and many other variations. The tsunami disabled cooling at three Fukushima reactors, and the cores melted within 72 hours. At first, engineers couldn't stop the leakage, and even after they did, it took months to halt emissions completely. , Radiation showed up in local milk, vegetables, and briefly appeared in Tokyo's drinking water. Radioactive materials continued to leak into the Pacific Ocean, raising levels to 4,000 times the legal limit., Japan classified the Fukushima breach a level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, meaning it was "a major release of radiation, with widespread health and environmental effects," according to the International Atomic Energy Agency. That put it at the same level as the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The study began two months after an earthquake and tsunami devastated swaths of northeastern Japan in March 2011, triggering a nuclear disaster. "A Possible Risk Reduction of the Negative Impact of Port Blockage by Disasters on the Global Trade and Economy," Page 287. Japan is used to dealing with seismic hazards, but the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami (as it has been officially named) were unusual even for Japan. Marine Pollution Bulletin. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. Japan's 2011 Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Disaster, How Companies Use the Supply Chain to Get Ahead, Natural Disasters Are a Bigger Threat Than Terrorism, Top 12 Financial News Stories of the 21st Century. "Outline of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Mw 9.0)." "Where Will the Debris From Japanʼs Tsunami Drift in the Ocean?" Magnitude 8.9 earthquake 231 miles northeast of Tokyo, Japan at a depth of 15.2 miles. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. The tsunami struck the northeastern coast of Honshu. Tsunami – The tsunami warnings in coastal areas were only followed by 58% who headed for higher ground. "About the Major Earthquake in Northeastern Japan." "Lessons From the Great Hanshin Earthquake." Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol. Petty Officer 1st Class Matthew Bradley/U.S. The United States Geological Survey said the centre of the earthquake was 373 kilometres (232 mi) from Tokyo. "Japan Sustainability Report," Page 3. There is much information to be gained on how large earthquakes rupture, how buildings behave under prolonged severe shaking and how tsunamis propagate. The biggest one was a 7.2 magnitude earthquake on 9 March, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) from the main earthquake's location. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. "Fukushima Nuclear Accident Update Log." , The Tōhoku Expressway, which serves northern Japan, had to be closed due to cracks on the roads. Somer G. Anderson is an Accounting and Finance Professor with a passion for increasing the financial literacy of American consumers. Here’s a look at the earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March of 2011.. March 11, 2011 - At 2:46 p.m., a 9.1 magnitude earthquake takes place 231 … The most powerful earthquake recorded in Japanese history, magnitude 8.9. A 7.7 aftershock happened 30 minutes following the first quake. 3. "The Fukushima Daiichi Accident Report by the Director General," Page 107. National Police Agency of Japan Emergency Disaster Countermeasures Headquarters. At first the Japanese Prime Minister said that no radioactive material leaked. "The Tohoku Pacific Earthquake: Economic Consequences." Up to 100,000 people were stuck waiting for a ride straight out of the city. What were the long-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake? Nature. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020.  In some areas the waves reached 10 km inland. "Environmental Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident and Their Remediation: Twenty Years of Experience. Two plants were restarted in April 2013 and ran until September 2013, when they were closed for maintenance. Figure 1. This page was last changed on 2 January 2021, at 00:14. Yet the final death toll will be far smaller. At least 15,899 people died, and another 2,500 went missing. If earthquakes occur below or close to the ocean, they may trigger tidal waves (tsunami). 2. The quake caused widespread damage on land and triggered a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas of Japan, most notably northeastern Honshu. What Has Climate Change Cost Us?  Areas of Japan closest to the epi-center shifted the most. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. "Japan Sustainability Report," Page 2. "8 Years After Fukushima, 52,000 Search for a New Home." "2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: Facts, FAQs, and How to Help." Coastal forests that were planted to provide protection from the sea were instead transformed by the potent waves into thousands of battering rams. First, the destruction cost more than the $161 billion cost estimate for Hurricane Katrina. The earthquake hit regions that were responsible for 6%–7% of the country's total production. That made it worse than the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake near Kobe, which cost about $100 billion and resulted in over 6,000 lives lost., Second, it crippled Japan's nuclear industry. For example, Google set up a people finder service, which allowed users to ask for or post information about missing people. "Preliminary Dose Estimation From the Nuclear Accident After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami," Page 106.  A large fire broke out at an oil refinery in Ichihara, Chiba prefecture. Accessed Jan. 29, 2020. In a subduction zone, one plate slides beneath another into the mantle, the hotter layer beneath the crust. The magnitude 9.0 Tohoku or Sendai Earthquake struck just off the northeast coast of Honshu, Japan on 11 March 2011 making it the fourth largest earthquake to be recorded since 1900, and the largest Japanese earthquake since modern seismometers were developed 130 years ago. The Fiscal Times. World Nuclear Association. Video footage showed cars racing away from surging waves. It was just a normal Friday afternoon …… or so I thought. People in Japan felt strong shaking for three to five minutes. 2004 Tsunami vs 2011 Tsunami. 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